Pope Benedict XVI Announces “I Will Step Down at the End of the Month”
LONDON — Roman Catholic Pope Benedict XVI has resigned, effective at the end of the month. It is the first time a pope resigned in nearly 600 years.
Pope Benedict surprised a high-level church meeting at the Vatican with his announcement. According to a text published later, he told the gathering he believes that “in today’s world” a pope must be strong enough to speak and engage in activities, and that his own health “has deteriorated” in recent months.
The pope, who is 85 years old, said he has “had to recognize” his “incapacity to adequately fulfill” his ministry. He said his “strengths, due to an advanced age, are no longer suited” to the demands of the job. He said prayer and suffering are also part of a pope’s duties, but those things alone are not sufficient.
Pope Benedict visits the Western Wall, Judaism’s holiest prayer site, in Jerusalem’s Old City May 12, 2009.
Benedict’s predecessor, Pope John-Paul II, died at age 85 in 2005, after several years during which his physical frailty limited his activities.
- Became one of the oldest new popes when elected in 2005 at age of 78
- Headed Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith before becoming pope
- Named Cardinal of Munich in 1977
- Taught at several universities from 1959 to 1966
- Joined the Hitler Youth in 1941 when it became compulsory for all German boys
- Born Joseph Ratzinger in 1927 in Bavaria’s Marktl am Inn, son of a police officer
Pope Benedict leaves after an audience with Vatican-accredited diplomats at the Vatican, January 10, 2011.
The current pope apparently wanted to avoid that, and also to send a message to his successors about the demands of the modern papacy, which involves global travel and almost daily meetings with officials and pilgrims from around the world.
Pope Benedict made his most recent public appearance Sunday, addressing a crowd in St. Peter’s Square on the occasion of the Lunar New Year.
He spoke of what he called “the universal values” of “peace, harmony and gratitude to Heaven,” which he said are “desired by everyone to build their family, society and … nation.”
The pope wished those celebrating “a happy and prosperous life.”
The Vatican says the pope’s surprise resignation will trigger a series of events culminating next month in a conclave of the world’s Roman Catholic cardinals. A spokesman said officials expect to have a new pope elected by Easter, which this year is on March 31.
World Catholic Population, 2012.