by, LIGNET | Voice of America
The Nigerian terrorists who kidnapped more than 200 schoolgirls and sparked a worldwide demand for their release have agreed to free their captives, Nigerian officials said Friday. The shadowy Boko Haram terrorist group “assured [us] that the schoolgirls and all other people in their captivity are alive and well,” Mike Omeri, a government spokesman, told reporters. “Already the terrorists have announced a cease-fire in furtherance of their desire for peace. In this regard, the government of Nigeria has, in a similar vein, declared a cease-fire.”
However, word of the cease-fire could take days to reach Boko Haram fighters, which prowl in separate gangs on innocent villagers throughout northern Nigeria. Some are suspected of seeking safe havens in neighboring nations in West Africa. Boko Haram, which endorse medieval Islamic law and renounces education for women, kidnapped 276 girls on April 15. The world reacted with outrage, as the kidnapping sparked a global demand for their release and a social media campaign, #BringBackOurGirls. First Lady Michelle Obama was among those who held up the hashtag signs on Twitter.
The Nigerian government says the militant group Boko Haram has agreed to a cease-fire and the release of more than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped by the militants in April.
Nigeria’s highest-ranking military official, General Alex Badeh, announced the cease-fire agreement Friday. He ordered all of the country’s military chiefs to abide by the deal.
The government expects the cease-fire agreement now in effect to lead to the release of the schoolgirls.
There has been no public comment from Boko Haram that any such deal has been reached.
Top Nigerian presidential aide Hassan Tukur tells VOA’s Hausa service that the militants have agreed in principle to free the schoolgirls. He said negotiations in the past had not yet “yielded any positive results,” but he is cautiously optimistic this time.
Boko Haram has terrorized Nigeria for the last five years as it tries to turn northern Nigeria into a conservative Islamic state. Bombings, gun attacks and other acts of violence have killed thousands of civilians and police.
The militants outraged the world when they stormed a school in the remote northeastern village of Chibok, kidnapping about 270 girls. Fifty-seven managed to escape, but more than 200 are still being held.
The cease-fire talks were held in Chad and involved Chad’s president, Idriss Deby, and senior officials from Cameroon. It marks a possible end to the five-year insurgency in which several thousand Nigerians have been killed.
Nigerian leader criticized
Jonathan has been criticized at home and abroad for Nigerian troops’ inability to quell violence by the militants, seen as the biggest security threat to Africa’s top economy and leading energy producer.
Criticism intensified in mid-April, when dozens of Boko Haram fighters stormed a secondary school in the remote northeastern village of Chibok, kidnapping around 270 girls. Fifty-seven managed to escape.
In a video, the Boko Haram leader known as Abubakar Shekau threatened to sell the other girls as slave brides, vowing they would not be released until militant prisoners were freed from jail.
Boko Haram has said it is fighting to establish an Islamic state in Muslim-majority northern Nigeria.
The group has launched scores of attacks in the past five years, targeting markets, bus stations, government facilities, churches and even mosques. Militants recently took over some towns in the northeast for what Shekau said in another video would be an Islamic caliphate.
The Nigerian military says that Shekau was actually an impostor and that the real Shekau was killed several years ago. It says the impostor was killed last month during a battle in the town of Konduga.
by, Brownie Marie | Christian Today | h/t Trop
It was revealed this week that Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram beheaded a six-year-old boy on June 1 because he was a Christian.
The attack occurred in Attagara, Gwoza district, Borno State – a predominately Christian community, according to Voice of the Martyrs.
Over 100 militants descended upon the village, slaughtering men, women, and children.
Boko Haram has kidnapped and killed Christians and Shiite Muslims across Borno and Yobe States in an increasingly deadly campaign to establish an extremist, Sunni Muslim reign.
The assault on Attagara occurred as Sunday church services were beginning, according to Voice of the Martyrs (VOM). Boko Haram slashed the villagers with machetes, and fired upon them with assault weapons.
One villager, Sawaltha Wandala, was arriving at church for the second service when he saw children being massacred. One six-year-old boy had been slashed and thrown into a ditch, but he was alive. Wandala picked him up and was carrying him to a hospital in Cameroon, when he was stopped by five of the militants.
The men reportedly took the child from Wandala’s arms and beheaded him, then began beating the 55-year-old with tree branches. After striking him in the head with a rock, they left him for dead.
Two days later the militants returned, attacking Attagara and other villages in Gwoza. VOM reported that approximately 200 people were killed in the two-day assaults.
John Yakuba and his family survived the Attagara attacks and fled to Cameroon, but Yakuba returned to their home to retrieve their animals and some of their belongings. The family faced starvation at a refugee camp, and Yakuba hoped to sell the animals to support them.
Boko Haram members saw Yakuba entering his home, however, and captured him.
“We know you’re John,” they said to him, according to VOM. “You must convert to Islam or else you will die a painful death.”
When Yakuba refused to denounce Christ, they tied his arms and legs to a tree, and hacked his hands with a knife.
“Can you become a Muslim now?” the militants asked.
“You can kill my body, but not my soul,” Yakubu cried out.
The men continued to cut his feet and back with a machete and knife to torture him.
“We will show you,” they said.
Yakuba’s head was slashed, and an axe was driven into his knee, reaching the bone.
He lost consciousness and was left tied to the tree for three days before someone found him, after which he was taken to the hospital in a coma.
When Yakuba recovered sufficiently to be interviewed, he offered a message of peace to his attackers.
“I have forgiven the Islamic militants, because they did not know what they are doing,” he told VOM.
Boko Haram became internationally known after kidnapping over 270 children from an all-girls school in Chibok, Nigeria on April 14. A second mass kidnapping occurred on May 4 in Warabe. Over 200 girls remain missing.
by, Michael Carl | World Net Daily (WND)
Christians under attack by Muslims terrorists in Nigeria are being warned to defend themselves, because the government won’t do it.
“Fight them,” said Rachel Ehrenfeld, director of the American Center for Democracy and the Economic Warfare Institute.
“Unless the non-Muslims in Africa fight the jihadists, they’ll become refugees, enslaved or killed,” she said.
Her comments came just as Christians in the northern Nigeria town of Gwoza were attacked by the jihadist group Boko Haram, killing 100 people and burning several buildings.
Ehrenfeld said Christians “have to be able to fend for themselves, because they can’t rely on the government.”
A former military intelligence officer who served with the Defense Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency, Paul Hair, agrees.
Hair told WND Nigerian Christians might have to adopt the tactics of Christians and other non-Muslims in the Central African Republic.
“They might have to fight back brutally with whatever weapons they have. They’re going to need a high desire to achieve complete victory,” he said.
“What else can the Nigerian Christians do if they don’t want to be wiped out? If the government can’t help them, and it’s increasingly questionable if it can, then what use is appealing to it? The U.S. is heavily involved in Nigeria, but the Nigerian Christians shouldn’t expect help from the United States,” Hair said.
He said the American government is allowing its dislike of the Nigerian government’s social policies to interfere with helping counter jihad.
“The heavy U.S. involvement is complicated, and there are certain things the U.S. government doesn’t like about the Nigerian government that is partially hindering whatever working relationship the two governments have. Furthermore, the current U.S. leadership has bizarre priorities in Nigeria, like [Secretary of State John] Kerry’s concerns over Nigeria’s ban on same-sex marriage,” Hair said.
Boko Haram: Terror, Blood & Death
WND reported last week the Obama administration was withholding intelligence from the Nigerian government because of a policy difference over same-sex marriage.
Hair noted to WND there are Christian communities that have faith-based objections to arms while Muslims do not.
“There also isn’t an international community of Christians that are going to help the Nigerian Christians with fighting. When Muslim or Arab communities around the world want to fight, there are no shortages of wealthy groups, not to mention national governments, who will help them in some sort of military capacity if the circumstances are right,” he said.
“That doesn’t exist for Christians anywhere in the world. At most, the international Christian community can offer aid and pleas to governments. Other than that, they can do nothing,” Hair said.
He did note evidence Nigerians are working together for security through a Civilian Joint Task Force. A report in May said organized villagers fought off a Boko Haram attack.
International Christian Concern Africa said Boko Haram previously targeted Christians in Gwoza.
A spokesman said the situation for Christians in northern Nigeria continues to deteriorate as Boko Haram is “now carrying out a mass-land grab for radical Islam.”
“For weeks, the insurgency has laid waste to once peaceful villages, destroyed bridges and erected toll booths for terrorism, and not just in Nigeria.”
Hussein Solomon, senior professor in the Department of Political Studies and Governance at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, South Africa, said the Nigerian military isn’t trained to defend the nation.
“African militaries are not trained to keep citizens safe but to keep regime elites safe from the citizens. They are not soldiers but thugs meant to keep unarmed civilians in line. When having to deal with the likes of Boko Haram, they crumble,” Solomon said.
by, Ludovica Iaccino | International Business Times (IBT) | h/t Trop
Fears are growing that Boko Haram terror group is using the 220 girls it abducted in Chibok last April as suicide bombers.
Speculations come as two students were killed and eight were injured in a suicide bombing at a university in Kano, northwest Nigeria. Information Nigeria reported the suicide bomber was a girl.
Thirteen people were later killed as two women blew themselves up in two mosques in the town of Potiskum, Yobe State.
The same day, Nigerian authorities arrested two suspected Boko Haram members travelling with a 10-year-old girl who was carrying explosives.
According to local daily Punch, two female suicide bombers struck in different parts of Kano killing and injuring many people while Muslims had gathered together to celebrate Eid, the end of Ramadan.
A woman also blew herself up at a petrol station in northern Nigeria killing three people. Anothersuicide bomber struck in a supermarket; nobody was killed.
A 15-year-old girl was reported to have blown herself up near a temporary university site with five police officers suffering minor injuries.
Members of the #BringBackOurGirls group, created after the Chibok girls were abducted, fear the girls are being forced by the terrorists to carry out suicide attacks.
Former education minister Oby Ezekwesili urged the Nigerian government not to “move on,” as the Chibok girls may be “indoctrinated or coerced into being used as suicide bombers”.
“This new trend and serial pattern of female suicide bombers surely should particularly worry us,” she said.
“Female suicide bombers are again and again becoming the trend and our Chibok girls are still in the enemy’s den. It worries me stiff. Are we thinking? Our Chibok girls really need to be rescued from the clutches of evil.”
The Human Rights Writers Association (HURIWA) urged the government to investigate the identity of the female suicide bombers.
“In the event that these female suicide bombers are identified to have been the same kidnapped girls, then the government should immediately deploy all resources and strategies to bring to an end, once and for all, this shameful scenario, since the military have repeatedly stated that they are aware of the whereabouts of the kidnaped Chibok girls,” the organisation said.
Political blogger Japheth Omojuwa suggested that Boko Haram might be using the girls for suicideattacks, to save its members for combat.
Who are Boko Haram?
Boko Haram – which translates from Hausa into ‘Western education is forbidden’ – wants to impose sharia law in Nigeria.
The militants, currently led by Abubakar Shekau, are known for targeting civilians and government members who oppose the Islamisation of the country.
The group carries out its attacks primarily in northern Nigeria, where three states – Borno, Yobe and Adamawa – have been under a state of emergency since May.
Violence linked to the Boko Haram insurgency has resulted in an estimated 10,000 deaths between 2002 and 2013.
Kidnapped Christian Girls Being Gang-Raped Then Stoned to Death or shot by Muslim Men
by, Obinna Akukwe | Spy Ghana | h/t Trop
One of the latest revelation in the ordeal of over 250 abducted Chibok girls and another 250 Christian girls abducted in villages near Chibok was that they are being gang raped and shot for being Christians. This was the summary of the revelations by Senator Zanna representing Born Central Senatorial District According to an interview he granted an online media, the senator said that “.Actually the information I’m getting, some of them are very disturbing. Although I don’t want to mention but they are just raping the girls on camera and even showing them on video, releasing it to the public”.
*Note: There are a couple brief 5-10 second spots of interference in this video. Just please allow it to play thru them because the video runs for the entire 10:49. Thank you.
Christian Girl Buried in the Ground Then Stoned to Death:
“Somebody told me that they were shown being raped, and in turn, it is the girl who was raped that came out kneeling down and begging the man to be patient. Do you know the reason why? They said when they rape them they shoot them. Therefore the girl after being raped, she curled down to the man, kneeling down and begging him to please be patient. So disturbing”.
Senator Khalifa Ahmed Zanna, though a Muslim, was previously accused by former governor of Borno State, Senator Ali Modu Sheriff of being a Boko Haram sponsor who sponsors people outside the country for trainings in terrorism, but since this Chibok abducted started, he has shown great concerns over the fate of the abducted girls even more than the Federal Government and had almost on weekly basis released information that might aid in the release of the girls to the security agents .
Senator Zanna just like Dr Peregrino Brimah , another Muslim, have tried all with their powers to know whether the Federal Government can step up in its fight against Boko Haram and permit the arming of local hunters and vigilante to go after the abductors of the girls The sympathy shown by these Muslim leaders are commendable and if many others had shown the same interest, probably this monster called Boko Haram would not have risen. . I want to insist that all Muslims are not in support of Boko Haram and will never be, however, the infidels raping, videoing and shooting my fellow Christians of the opposite sex are Muslims and they are doing it in the name of Allah.
Initially these girls were abducted to be used as sex slaves because they are Christians and in the name of Allah. Boko Haram avoided all Muslim dominated schools and targeted Chibok to kidnap and rape innocent ‘infidel’ Christians. Later they were married to some old men with syphilis, gonorrhoea and staphylococcus in the name of Allah. A man whose age was past sixty was captured by Civilian JTF in Borno in May and he confessed that he has married two of the girls. Obviously, with his capture, the two girls would be rotated to other sex starved insurgents all in the name of Allah. Later they were forced to convert to Islam and now they are being raped and killed.
The latest news from sources within CAN and others claimed that insurgents who couldn’t share in the Chibok girls wife spoils have convinced the leadership of Boko Haram to bring out the girls for serial raping and execution. Senator Zanna confirmed that one of the girls so raped was begging her rapists to be patient for her to recover from the just concluded rape and surrender willingly for another round for fear of being shot like others. This is the level of atrocities being committed in the name of Allah and yet the Muslim communities in Nigeria have not deemed it fit to fight these murderers and protect the name of Allah from being desecrated. Adherents of this religion of peace have not deemed it fit to enforce the peace in their faith by declaring all out war against these Boko Haram members whose activities are inimical to the peaceful co-existence of Nigeria.
This Chibok issue has brought about the heartlessness of certain sections of adherents of this religion .It has also brought about the powerlessness of moderate and conservative Muslims who have found it difficult to tame these groups of persons dragging the name of Allah to the mud.
Shehu Shagari, Muhammadu Buhari, Atiku Abubakar,Raji Fashola,Bola Tinubu are all adherents of Allah and during the periods they held sway in government, they did not disgrace the name of Allah. While Buhari was known to have fought corruption, Shagari gave the South East infrastructural boost. Tinubu fought Obasanjo’s hegemony and executive recklessness while Fashola developed Lagos astronomically, and when he illegally deported some Igbo destitutes, he later apologized for his mistakes. Therefore there are many good adherents of Allah but the evil ones like Mallam Shekau had dragged the name of this deity to the mud.
Abducting, serially raping and now mercilessly shooting some forcefully impregnated Christian girls in the name of Allah is a time bomb that will consume both the sponsors of Boko Haram and all the persons who through acts of commission or omission aided the spread of this wickedness
God is warning those playing with the issue of these abducted girls that if the blood of these girls are wasted as we carry on our normal businesses, we are opening doors of unimaginable violence in the nation such that everybody will bear the consequences. The patience of the Christian community in Nigeria should not be taken for granted. The Muslim community in Nigeria should lead the onslaught against their brothers who have gone astray from the tenets of Islam and became rapists and murderers and President Jonathan and his Federal Government should not hesitate to arm the Borno residents who have shown willingness to pursue Mallam Shekau and his band of killers . The earlier we do that and deliver these Chibok Christian girls and others from serial gang-raping and death,the better, before the consequences of this evil falls on the entire nation.
by, Associated Press (AP) | The Washington Post | h/t Trop
BAUCHI, Nigeria — Suspected Islamic extremists sprayed gunfire at worshippers and torched four churches Sunday in a village just miles from the town where more than 200 schoolgirls were kidnapped, witnesses said.
At least 30 bodies have been recovered but more are turning up in the bushes, where people tried to escape from Kwada village, said a member of a vigilante group that has had some successes in repelling attacks.
“They killed dozens of people and burned houses after attacking worshippers,” survivor Mallam Yahi told The Associated Press by telephone from Chibok town, to which he escaped.
Some of the church buildings destroyed included the Protestant Church of Christ in Nigeria, the Pentecostal Deeper Life Bible Church and Ekklesiyar Yan’uwa, which is Hausa for Church of the Brethren in Nigeria, Yahi said. The last was started by American missionaries from Illinois in the 1920s.
Yahi said the attackers went on to neighboring Kautikari, where they gunned down villagers and burned down homes. The vigilante said they had not yet reached Kautikari so did not know what the death toll was there.
Police spokesman Gideon Jubrin said he could not confirm the attack because bad communications have kept officials from reaching the nearest security post at Chibok, though Associated Press reporters were able to make cell phone calls to the town. Chibok is the town in northeast Borno state from which more than 200 girls were abducted in April. Officials say 219 girls remain captive. Kwada is 10 kilometers (six miles) and Kautikari seven kilometers (four miles) away.
Angry Chibok residents said soldiers were slow to respond to news of the attack, and the vigilantes said that once they reached Kwada, the soldiers refused to confront the extremists directly, only shooting at them from a distance outside the village. They spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of reprisals from the military.
Boko Haram extremists attacked a military camp in the neighboring local government area of Damboa last week and killed at least 51 soldiers. Survivors said they came in armored personnel carriers mounted with anti-aircraft guns and were armed with rocket launchers and submachine guns much heavier than the soldiers’ AK47 assault rifles. The insurgents abducted many soldiers who remain missing, they said.
Boko Haram extremists are demanding the release of detained fighters in return for the kidnapped girls. Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan has been criticized for the slow reaction to the abductions and failure to swiftly rescue the girls. The United States has drones flying to help locate them and other nations have sent experts to help, but negotiations appear stalled.
Nigeria’s military has said it knows where they are but fears any military campaign could get them killed.
Jonathan on Sunday condemned other recent attacks — Friday’s bombing of a hotel that local reports identified as a brothel in Bauchi state, also in the northeast, and sectarian killings of sedentary farmers who are mainly Christian by alleged Fulani Muslim herders in northern Kaduna state.
“The president commiserates with all the families who lost loved ones in the heinous attacks and extends his heartfelt sympathies to all those who suffered injuries or lost their properties during the wanton assaults on Bauchi and Kaduna States,” said a statement. He promised the attackers would be brought to book.
Jonathan made no mention of the near-daily attacks Boko Haram extremists have been mounting in the area around Chibok, an enclave of mainly Christian people in the majority Muslim north of the country. Bauchi and Kaduna states are governed by Jonathan’s ruling People’s Democratic Party while Borno is held by an opposition governor.
A year-long military state of emergency in three northeastern states, all held by political opponents of Jonathan, has failed to curb the 5-year-old Islamic uprising that has killed thousands of people. The militants have increased the tempo and deadliness of attacks this year, with more than 2,000 people estimated killed compared to 3,600 in all four previous years.
Boko Haram also has increased its theater of operations to bombings in several northern towns and the capital, Abuja, in central Nigeria. Politicians say some attacks in central Nigeria are being mounted by extremists disguised as Fulani herdsmen.
Boko Haram is blamed for last week’s bombing of a shopping mall in Abuja, the capital in central Nigeria, that killed 24 people. Boko Haram claimed two separate bomb attacks at an Abuja bus station in April that killed more than 120 people and wounded about 200.
The extremist want to enforce an Islamic state in Nigeria, Africa’s biggest economy, the continent’s biggest oil producer and its most populous nation of about 170 million people divided almost equally between a majority Muslim north and mainly Christian south.
Faul reported from Lagos, Nigeria Associated Press video journalist Lekan Oyekanmi contributed to this report from Abuja.
by, George Okoje and Benjamin Isaiah | All Africa | h/t Trop
The Pentecostal Fellowship of Nigeria, PFN, has said that no fewer than 750 churches have so far been burnt by the highly dreaded terrorist sect known as Boko Haram.
The religious organization, which lamented the loss after its emergency National Advisory Council meeting at Ajao Estate in Lagos, called on the federal government to compensate the families of those killed by the insurgents.
PFN national president Rev. Felix Omobude, who spoke on behalf of the body, said the church has been a major victim of the horrendous terrorist attacks in Nigeria.
The PFN boss said, “We have lost at least 750 churches in the north to attacks by terrorists. Our worry of late is that churches that are making efforts to rebuild are facing difficulty in that part of the country to secure necessary permits.
“We do not want to believe that there is deliberate effort to discriminate against the church, even though churches in the North have, over the years, experienced difficulty with obtaining necessary approvals for their buildings.”
Omobude solicited for express approval of the applications by churches to rebuild their places of worship and schools for the sake of fairness and equity.
He emphasized that there was the need for government to compensate the families of those killed by Boko Haram as many of them were currently going through harrowing experiences.
Harping on the 2015 elections, the clergyman urged political leaders to restrain themselves and shift their focus beyond the selfish interest of winning elections to assume mantle of leadership of the country.
The PFN president also condemned the abduction of female students in Chibok and demanded their immediate release.
“We call on the federal and state governments to increase their level of cooperation as it is a battle that can only be won when we are all united. We salute the courage of the Nigerian Army and enjoin them to rededicate themselves to this cause and expedite action in ensuring the safe return of the girls.
“We challenge them to continue to stand as one, maintain unity of purpose and ensure that proper chain of command is maintained at all times. We have faith in their capacity and dedication to safeguarding the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Nigeria,” Omobude said.
Boko Haram war concerns the sovereignty of Nigeria – CAS
The chief of air staff (CAS), Air Marshal Adesola Amosu, has said that the fight against insurgency, particularly the Boko Haram sect, is a war that concerns the sovereignty of Nigeria and must be fought successfully.
According to the CAS, the war requires officers and soldiers who can think out of the box to win the war, adding that Nigerians should not sympathize with the military in its campaign against insurgents but only pray for them, because they were built to fight and will not relent until victory is achieved.
The air chief stated this while addressing 156 armed forces officers who graduated from Junior Course 77 in the Armed Forces Command and Staff College (AFCSC), Jaji, Kaduna, yesterday.
The CAS, who disclosed that the officers who were trained as junior commanders were to join the operation in the north-east, pointed out that the capability of the Boko Haram terrorists cannot really match that of the military.
“I want to assure you that the war in the north-east of our country is not ‘moi-moi’. It is a serious war. This is a fight that concerns the sovereignty of our great nation.
“One of the Americans that came said the Boko Haram terrorists are not sophisticated, they are complicated. How do you undue a complicated issue? I want to recommend to you: it is simplicity. Simplicity brings about clarity.
“The Boko Haram terrorists use okada, they use Hilux. Now, what do we need to do? We need people that will think out of the box. Why would they use okada and Hilux? They want to be fast, because the capability they have cannot really match our capability. That is why we talk about asymmetric — war between unequals. So the enemy with low capability will go for unusual tactics.
“So, as you go into the field, I want to advise you: what we need is something out of the box. It is not going to be conventional. We are going to look to you to bring about the changes that are necessary.
“For me, the Boko Haram terrorist activities are a huge opportunity for the armed forces to expand capabilities. It has been a long time that we have not built on the capabilities that we had at the inception of the armed forces. So, it is a big opportunity to expand capability. So, you should be excited to join those on the field.
“Is it going to be difficult for us to win this battle? No. We don’t really need extraordinary weapons; it’s just the mind. Where did we lose it? We went around fighting wars for our neighbours in Africa, Sudan; where did we lose it? So, as you go into the field, we need you to turn things around. I must tell you that, so far, our activities are going on well, and it is just a matter of time. Hopefully, very soon, we should be celebrating not just victory over the terrorist group but that we have improved capability and that we have expanded.
“We in the Nigerian Air Force decided to partition counter-terrorism anti-terrorism, but some school of thought believes we should merge the two together. For us, the lead in the counter-terrorism should be the armed forces, which is what we are doing right now.
“The anti-terrorism is huge. That is where you have the police essentially leading the team. Of course, the Customs, Immigration — they need to do their beat at the border. And don’t forget, they have a huge kind of profile in the whole arrangement. If they allow and compromise people to come into our country, we will have a huge problem; no matter your efforts at counter, once the borders are loose, all your efforts would be defeated. So, we need to work together.”
Meanwhile, the commandant of the college, Air vice Marshal John Chris Ifemeje, told the graduating students who are army captains and their equivalents in the Air Force and Navy, and two from the Republic of Gambia to be good ambassadors of the college in their respective services and countries.
The students who were in the college for 22 weeks’ training were later conferred with Passed Junior Staff Course (PJSC), while outstanding officers among them were honoured with prizes.
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